We start by defining the limits of the Sun’s influence, including the Termination Shock, Heliopause or Heliosheath, and Bow Shock. The Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 progress are reviewed.
Next, we cover the near-Earth fleet of satellites Hinode, RHESSI, TRACE, and FAST; the Magnetosphere satellites Cluster 1 through 4 plus Geotail; the Sun observers Stereo A and Stereo B; the solar wind observers orbiting Lagrange Point 1 – ACE, Wind, and SOHO; and back to the Magnetosphere with THEMIS A through E; and back again to Voyager 1 and 2. We conclude with a look at the big November 2011 solar storm observed by Stereo.
We then cover the nature of the aurora Borealis and aurora Australis. This includes the Bohr atomic model where we explain the quantum jumps in high altitude Oxygen atoms that create photons.
Next we review of the Solar System distances we have covered in this and the previous segments.